BIBL 471 - Biblical Archaeology
Liberty University StudentsDoing an online courses can be difficult, especially when the local library does not have a good selection of resources on the Bible or archaeology. Perhaps you are on a ship deployed in the middle of the Pacific or a housewife living in a small town. Access to a good theological library is difficult and where can you go to find resources. Here is a list of sources that will help, which are academic and accessible from anywhere you have the internet. Now you have no excuse for producing quality research. Liberty Students: Be sure to set up an off campus access account and use the Ezproxy login to gain access to many online articles and books (not necessary now with the new https://mylu.liberty.edu login. Be sure to check out the Liberty Religion & Philosophy Research Guide.
A short 4 min. video on an Introduction to Biblical Archaeology created by Logos Media Ed introducing their course. It hosts James Strange, Jodi Magness, and my good friend, Scott Stripling director at Khirbet el-Maqatir.
NOTE: to access Liberty "Library Subscription Databases" (i.e. Liberty Journal Finder, JSTOR, ALTA, and ProQuest) you must be logged into Liberty University's servers. How do I know? Your link will have .../2048/link in the URL. For example http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ If you go directly to www.jstor.org you will not have access to the paid subscription that Liberty has paid for.
- Ancient Texts
- Archaeological Excavations
- Bible Commentaries
- Bible Dictionaries and Encyclopedias
- Biographical Research
- Maps and Charts
- Sodom Papers
- Turabian Format
- Website Bible Tools
Helpful Student Videos
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5 Video Guide: How to Study Long and Hard and Still Fail…or How to Get the Most Out of Studying.
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Video 1: Beliefs That Make You Fail…Or Succeed
The first video examines common mistaken beliefs students often possess that undermine their learning. The video tries to correct those misconceptions with accurate beliefs about learning.
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This video addresses what students should and should not do when they earn a poor grade on an exam or quiz.
Back to the Outline at the Top
- Liberty Religion & Philosophy Research Guide. A Great place to start for sources for this course.
- I expect that you will
use quality academic resources available through Liberty Library
"Library Subscription Databases" (i.e. Liberty
Journal Finder, JSTOR,
and NOT Free popular
internet sites for your research. There is a video on how to
use journal articles in the Jerry Falwell Library VIDEO
- My Blog. Your looking at it!! Check out the right column for books and links under these headings.
- Sources on Archaeology: with links to good books for research in alphabetical order. Click on the book or article to download the file. You will need either Acrobat Reader for the PDF or WinDJview for the DJVU files (download the software to read DJVU at LINK).
- Archaeology: with links to museums and websites related to archaeology.
- Research: with links to ancient documents, abbreviations, Journals, and maps.
- My Books. Biblical Archaeology Vol. 1, Key Themes of the Old Testament, Key Themes of the New Testament and Key Facts for the Location of Sodom are full of side bar sections on archaeology.
- Sodom Papers:
For Liberty Students writing their papers on the location of
Sodom I would highly recommend the new book Key Facts for the Location of
Sodom Student Edition: Navigating the Maze of
Arguments, 2014. ISBN: 978-1499660241.
The book includes 62 facts you should know about, helpful maps
of the Dead Sea area, charts and visual timelines for
identifying their place in history, but you are not obliged to
purchase it. It is available
- Google Books
Search for a book and use the Look
Inside feature. This can be a big help.
Use the table of contents of the book. You will need to set
up a Google account to view the pages but this is free.
Sometimes if the page is not available on
one Amazon it is in Google books so make sure to check both
sites if you don't see what you need. You do need to watch
carefully the quality of the books. (From a reputable
publisher with University in the name i.e., Oxford
University Press, Harvard, etc.). Don't use "Archaeology
for Dummies!!!" it does exist!!
- Renfrew, Colin, and Paul
G. Bahn. Archaeology: Theories, Methods, and Practice.
6th ed. New York, N.Y.: Thames & Hudson, 2012. Look
Inside This is the standard work on archaeological
methods and theories.
- Kaiser, Jr., Walter C.,
and Duane Garrett, eds. NIV
Archaeological Study Bible: An Illustrated Walk
Through Biblical History and Culture. Grand
Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2006. About 90% of the articles
were written by Dr. Bryant Wood which is not stated anywhere
in the book but know this from personal correspondence.
There are a few inaccuracies but most information is
reliable. Good to double check the fact, however with
another Bible Encyclopedia or Dictionary.
- Internet Archive. This site has the largest collection of scanned (PDF) works in the world. Almost anything that is prior to 1923 is available because of the copyright laws.
- Wikipedia. Don't use it!!! The material is notorious for being unreliable and inaccurate. If you do look at an article like Jericho in the link check out the footnotes and bibliography at the bottom where they will often have links to PDF files you can download or books you can look up in Google books or get at the Library. NEVER place Wikipedia in your bibliography.
- StudyLight.org Much of the older material is repeated from other sites.
- Rob Bradshaw's biblicalstudies.org
To make high quality theological material
available throughout the world. Digitising and uploading in
co-operation with authors and publishers, rare and
out-of-print theology books and articles. Over 18,000
articles (PDF) are now available for free download here
or via the subject menus on the left hand side of the
- BibleStudyTools.com Almost all their works are older and out of date for research but good for searching the Bible.
- StepTools by Tyndale. Very Powerful online tool. Various Bible Translation and language helps along with older commentaries and dictionaries.
- Christian Information Ministries provides information on Noah's Ark research by Bill Crouse but many other issues.
- Hebrew, Greek,
Septuagint, Vulgate, KJV, ESV, NET, Luther Bibles online. LINK
- Hebrew, Greek, Septuagint, Vulgate, KJV, ESV, NET, Luther Bibles online. LINK
- Ancient Near Eastern Texts: Like the Epic of Gilgamesh, Code of Hammurabi, Hittite and Sumerian texts.
- Christianity: Gnostic, Medieval and other texts related to Christianity.
in the Judaean Desert (DJD) Index List of all 39
volumes of the Dead Sea Scrolls.Taken from Emanuel Tov, "The
Discoveries in the Judaean Desert Series: History and System
of Presentation,” in The Texts from the Judaean Desert:
Indices and an Introduction to the Discoveries in the
Judaean Desert Series (ed. Emanuel Tov with
contributions by Martin Abegg, Jr., et al.; DJD XXXIX; Oxford:
Clarendon, 2002), 1–25, pp. 5–8
- Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library Leon Levy: High resolution images of the actual scrolls.
- Eisenman, Robert H,
and Michael Owen Wise. The
Dead Sea Scrolls Uncovered: The First Complete
Translation and Interpretation of 50 Key Documents
Withheld for Over 35 Years. Rockport, Mass.:
- Early Christian Writings: such as the Didiche, and the Gnostics.
- Early Jewish
Writings: Includes Pseudepigrapha, Philo of
Alexandria and Josephus.
Electronic Tools and Ancient Near East Archives: Links to many
books that deal with archaeology and the Ancient Near Eastern
are available here. Use the Browse by Author Feature.
- Greco-Roman: Text by Josephus, Strabo, Tacitus, Philo, Pliny etc.
- Greek Inscriptions:
Institute (PHI) numbers for Greek inscriptions. Searchable.
- LacusCurtius: Into the Roman World by Bill Thayer. Text by Strabo, Tacitus, Polybius, Suetonius, etc.
(LCL). Digital and searchable with your Liberty EZProxy
login. Text by Pliny, Strabo, Tacitus,
Polybius, Suetonius, and all ancient writers (532
works). Scholars choice.
- POxy: Oxyrhynchus Papyri Online
These books are
suitable for doing research in archaeology and most of the
complete books are available in either PDF or DJVU format. The
DJVU reader can be found at LINK.
Use the index in the
book or search using the Adobe Edit/Find feature (Ctrl+F).
- I expect that you will use quality academic resources available through Liberty Library "Library Subscription Databases" (i.e. Liberty Journal Finder, JSTOR, ALTA, and ProQuest) and NOT Free popular internet sites for your research.
- Graves, David E., Key Facts for the Location of Sodom Student Edition: Navigating the Maze of Arguments, 2014. ISBN: 978-1499660241. Very helpful for Liberty students writing their Sodom papers. The book includes 62 facts you should know about, helpful maps of the Dead Sea area, charts and visual timelines for identifying their place in history, but you are not obliged to purchase it. It is available for purchase at the Liberty Book store and CreateSpace eStore.
- Other BOOKS by David E. Graves
- Flint, Peter W., and James C. VanderKam, eds. The Dead Sea Scrolls After Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment. Vol. 2. Leiden: Brill, 1999. DJVU
- Galor, Katharina, Jean-baptiste Humbert, and Jürgen Zangenberg, eds. Qumran. The Site of the Dead Sea Scroll: Archaeological Interpretations and Debates: Proceedings of a Conference Held at Boston University, November 17-19, 2002. Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah 57. Leiden: Brill, 2006. DJVU
- MacDonald, Burton. East of the Jordan: Territories and Sites of the Hebrew Scriptures. Edited by Victor H. Matthews. ASOR Books 6. Boston, Mass.: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2000. PDF See chapter chapter 4 “Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, Bela (=Zoar)—the 'Cities of the Plain'—and Lasha,” Page 45-62.
- Ramsay, William M. St. Paul the Traveler and Roman Citizen. London, U.K.: Hodder & Stoughton, 1887.
- Ramsay, William M. The Letters to Seven Churches of Asia and Their Place in the Plan of the Apocalypse. London, U.K.: Hodder & Stoughton, 1904.
- Vaux, Roland de. Archaeology and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Schweich Lectures of the British Academy, 1959. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1973.
- The Cambridge
Ancient History. 19 Vol. 3rd Edition. Edited
by Alan K., Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott.
Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
PDF available for each volume
Back to the Outline at the Top
I expect that you will use quality academic
resources available through Liberty
"Library Subscription Databases" and NOT
Free popular internet sites for your research.There is a video on
how to use journal articles in the Jerry Falwell Library VIDEO
If you have an abbreviations to a journal, lexicon, or monograph series that you do not know, check out this online list for secondary sources in Biblical and theological studies (journals, lexicons, monograph series, etc.) adapted from:
- The Society of Biblical
Literature (SBL) Handbook of Style (Peabody,
MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1999). LINK
- American Journal
of Archaeology Abbreviations: List
of Journals and Book Series or Standard
- Classical abbreviations:
use Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth. eds. The
Oxford Classical Dictionary. Oxford, U.K.:
Clarendon, 2003. Look Inside
- Classical Abbreviations
from AncientHistory.com LINK
- Theological Journals and
- Biblical Books, Languages, Biblical Texts, OT Psuedepigrapha, Church Fathers, NT Apocrypha, Jewish and Rabbinic writings, Nag Hammadi tractates, Journals, Book Series and Reference Works LINK
- Jewish works used in
the Jewish Encyclopedia LINK
- Greek, Latin Papyri and
- Most archaeology journal articles are available through the Liberty Library online or Liberty Journal Finder. There is a video on how to use journal articles in the Jerry Falwell Library VIDEO LINK.
- JSTOR with more than 2,000 academic journals including a LIST of 407 Archaeology Journals
- ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials
- French online archaeological journals at Persee with many English articles.
- Actes des
congrès de la Société d’Archéologie Médiévale 7
numéros, 214 documents, 1987-2001
Anatolia antiqua. Eski Anadolu 21 numéros, 471 documents, 1991-2013
Annales d'Éthiopie 29 numéros, 597 documents, 1955-2014
Annales de Bretagne et des pays de l'Ouest 296 numéros, 4098 documents, 1902-2000
Annales du Midi 457 numéros, 7438 documents, 1889-2012
Antiquités africaines 43 numéros, 578 documents, 1967-2009
Archaeonautica 14 numéros, 106 documents, 1977-1998
Archéologie du Midi Médiéval 33 numéros, 529 documents, 1983-2011
ArchéoSciences, revue d'Archéométrie 29 numéros, 429 documents, 1977-2004
Arts Asiatiques 62 numéros, 1134 documents, 1962-2013
Bibliothèque des Écoles françaises d'Athènes et de Rome 26 numéros, 26 documents, 1976-1998
Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 179 numéros, 4578 documents, 1877-2003
Bulletin de l'Association Guillaume Budé 308 numéros, 5140 documents, 1923-2011
Bulletin de l'École française d'Extrême-Orient 109 numéros, 3552 documents, 1901-2006
Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française 910 numéros, 9029 documents, 1904-2012
Bulletin Monumental 238 numéros, 7935 documents, 1935-2012
Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'Anthropologie de Paris 289 numéros, 7029 documents, 1864-1999
Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale 191 numéros, 4973 documents, 1958-2007
Cahiers de la Méditerranée 66 numéros, 801 documents, 1970-2000 Nouveau 33
compte-nouveaux Cahiers du Centre d’Études Chypriotes 33 numéros, 316 documents, 1984-2005
Cahiers du Centre Gustave Glotz 22 numéros, 413 documents, 1991-2012 15
compte-nouveaux Collection de l'Institut des Sciences et Techniques de l'Antiquité 99 numéros, 640 documents, 1959-2011
Comité de Conservation des Monuments de l'Art Arabe 41 numéros, 8788 documents, 1885-1961
Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (CRAI) 667 numéros, 25318 documents, 1857-2010 3
compte-nouveaux Dialogues d'histoire ancienne 78 numéros, 2226 documents, 1974-2014
Documents d'Archéologie Méridionale 19 numéros, 256 documents, 1978-2000
Études d'Antiquités africaines 39 numéros, 74 documents, 1966-2008
GAIA. Revue interdisciplinaire sur la Grèce ancienne 15 numéros, 358 documents, 1997-2013
Gallia 100 numéros, 1440 documents, 1943-2007
Gallia Préhistoire 70 numéros, 815 documents, 1958-2007
Mélanges de l'école française de Rome 226 numéros, 4272 documents, 1881-2000
Mètis. Anthropologie des mondes grecs anciens 15 numéros, 229 documents, 1986-1998
Paléo, Revue d'Archéologie Préhistorique 18 numéros, 361 documents, 1989-2000
Paléorient 71 numéros, 1245 documents, 1973-2012
Pallas. Revue d'études antiques 54 numéros, 655 documents, 1953-1999
Publications de l'École Française de Rome 260 numéros, 3124 documents, 1965-1999
Publications de l'Institut Français d'Études Anatoliennes 24 numéros, 313 documents, 1988-2011
Publications de la Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée 109 numéros, 1483 documents, 1976-2015
Revue Archéologique de l'Ouest 21 numéros, 485 documents, 1984-2005
Revue archéologique de Narbonnaise 41 numéros, 772 documents, 1968-2008 8 compte-nouveaux
Revue archéologique de Picardie 132 numéros, 1892 documents, 1971-2013
Revue archéologique du Centre de la France 91 numéros, 1880 documents, 1962-2004
Revue du Nord 310 numéros, 7051 documents, 1910-2000 Revue Numismatique 54 numéros, 1984 documents, 1958-2011
Salamine de Chypre 16 numéros, 35 documents, 1969-2004
Supplément à la Revue archéologique du centre de la France 32 numéros, 377 documents, 1981-2007
Syria. Archéologie, Art et histoire 177 numéros, 4710 documents, 1920-2005 Topoi.
Orient-Occident 30 numéros, 946 documents, 1991-2011
- BiblicalStudies.org Journals. Over 18,000 theological articles are now available on this site free of charge.
- Tyndale list of Biblical
- Most theological
Journal articles are available through Galaxie
Software Electronic Publishing
- Ashland Theological Journal
- Bible and Spade
(First Run) [BS]
- Bible and Spade
(Second Run) [BS]
- Bibliotheca Sacra
- Bulletin for
Biblical Research (BBR)
of the John Rylands Library (BJRL)
- Central Bible Quarterly
- Chafer Theological Seminary Journal
- Christian Apologetics Journal
- Conservative Theological Journal
- Detroit Baptist Seminary Journal
- Emmaus Journal
Expository Times (ExpTim)
- Faith and Mission
- Global Journal of Classical Theology
- Grace Journal
- Grace Theological Journal
- Journal for Biblical Manhood and Womanhood
- Journal of Christian Apologetics
- Journal of Discipleship and Family Ministry
- Journal of Dispensational Theology
- Journal of Ministry and Theology
- Journal of the
Evangelical Theological Society (JETS)
- Journal of the
Grace Evangelical Society (JGES)
- Journal of the Institute of Reformed Baptist Studies
- Maranatha Baptist Theological Journal
- Masters Seminary
- Michigan Theological Journal
- Priscilla Papers
- Puritan Reformed Journal
- Reformation and Revival
- Reformed Baptist Theological Review
- Southeastern Theological Review
- Southern Baptist Journal of Theology
- Trinity Journal
- Tyndale Bulletin
Theological Journal (WTJ)
LIST OF JOURNALS
SUITABLE FOR BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY
- American Journal of Archaeology (AJA), Coverage: 1897-2014 (Vols. 1-118); JSTOR. The American Journal of Archaeology and of the History of the Fine Arts (AJA) Coverage: 1885-1896 (Vols. 1-11). JSTOR Published by: The Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) promotes archaeological inquiry and public understanding of the material record of the human past to foster an appreciation of the roots of our shared humanity. The AIA supports archaeologists, their research and its dissemination, and the ethical practice of archaeology. The AIA educates people of all ages about the significance of archaeological discovery and advocates for the preservation of the world’s archaeological heritage.
Studies (AS), Coverage: 1951-2010
(Vols. 1-60); Links to External Content: 2011-2013 (Vol. 61 -
Vol. 63). Published by: The
British Institute at Ankara (BIAA) supports,
facilitates, promotes and publishes British research focused
on Turkey and the Black Sea littoral in all academic
disciplines within the arts, humanities and social sciences,
whilst maintaining a centre of excellence in Ankara focused on
the archaeology and related subjects of Turkey. JSTOR
- Archaeology (A), Coverage: 1948-2011 (Vols. 1-64). Publication Frequency: Bi-monthly; Published by The Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) promotes archaeological inquiry and public understanding of the material record of the human past to foster an appreciation of the roots of our shared humanity. The AIA supports archaeologists, their research and its dissemination, and the ethical practice of archaeology. The AIA educates people of all ages about the significance of archaeological discovery and advocates for the preservation of the world’s archaeological heritage. JSTOR
- Bulletin de
correspondance hellénique (BCH) Coverage: 1877-2003 Index of PDF
- The Annual of the British School at Athens (ABSA), Coverage: 1894-2010 (Vols. 1-105). Links to External Content: 2011-2012 (Vol. 106 - Vol. 107). Published by: British School at Athens.The Annual is published by the British School at Athens, whose is to promote the study of Hellenic Studies in all their aspects, covering all periods from the Palaeolithic to the present. As a research institute, its principal emphasis remains empirical studies that shed light on the prehistoric, Classical and medieval past and present condition of Greek lands. These studies therefore include the anthropology, archaeology, archaeometry, art, architecture, environment, epigraphy, geography, geomorphology, history, language, literature, religion and topography of Greece and Cyprus. The School's secondary mission is to promote research more generally into the prehistoric, ancient and medieval Mediterranean. Other Journals by BSA. JSTOR
- The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research (AASOR), Coverage: 1922-2010 (Vols. 4-65). Published by the The American Schools of Oriental Research from 1922-2010.The American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR) supports and encourages the study of the peoples and cultures of the Near East, from the earliest times to the present. ASOR communicates news of the latest research findings in its publications and through lectures at its Annual Meeting, while its overseas institutes host scholars working in the Middle East. ASOR's book series and journals are aimed at a lay audience and specialist archaeologists, historians, and Biblical scholars. ASOR's Annual Meeting brings together scholars from around the world to present their latest findings and discuss their research. ASOR's independent overseas institutes in Cyprus, Israel, and Jordan facilitate research in the field by students and scholars. ASOR publishes three journals (BASOR, JCS, and NEA) and three book series (the ASOR Annual [AASOR], the Archaeological Report Series [ASOR-ARS], and JCS Supplement Series). Near Eastern Archaeology (NEA) is designed for a archaeology enthusiasts and undergraduates. The Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (BASOR) is ASOR's flagship scholarly journal for academic studies relating to the eastern Mediterranean. The Journal of Cuneiform Studies is subvented by the ASOR Nies Trust and focuses on the archaeology and cuneiform studies of Mesopotamia. JSTOR
- The Near East Archaeological Society Bulletin. (NEASB), Articles are only available through InterLibrary Loan. For an index of articles from 1958-2013 see LINK. Address: Horn Archaeological Museum, Andrews University 9047 Old US 31, Berrien Springs, MI 49104-0990. Publication Frequency: Annually; Published by the Near East Archaeological Society.
Reports. (AR), Coverage:
1954-2010 (Nos. 1-57); Published by: The Society for
the Promotion of Hellenic Studies, generally known as
the Hellenic Society, was founded in 1879 to advance the study
of Greek language, literature, history, art and archaeology in
the Ancient, Byzantine and Modern periods. JSTOR
- ARTIFAX, Publication Frequency: quarterly; 2175 Bicentennial Ct., New Brighton MN 55112; Published by the Institute of Biblical Archaeology, the Near East Archaeological Society and SCRIBE Media. Free with subscription to the Near East Archaeological Society and full of news about Biblical archaeology from the various biblical countries doing archaeology.
- Australian Journal of Biblical Archaeology (AJBA), published by the Department of Semitic Studies in The University of Sydney from 1968-75. Most of the articles are available as PDF online.
- Biblical Archaeology Review (BAR), Coverage 1975-Present Biblical Archaeology Society; 1998-Present Proquest. Edited by Hershel Shanks who is Jewish, which is reflected in his selective articles dealing with the OT and his viewpoint on the NT.
- The Biblical Archaeologist (BA), Coverage: 1938-1997 (Vols. 1-60). Published by the The American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR) from 1938-1997. JSTOR Not all recent articles are available online
- BiblicalStudies.org Journals. Over 18,000 theological articles are now available on this site free of charge.
- Biblical Research Bulletin (BRB), Coverage: 2001-present. Published by Trinity Southwest University. All of Dr. Steven Collins' Sodom Research is available online as PDF.
- Bible Review Magazine (BR), Coverage 1985-2005. Address: 4710 41st Street, NW Washington, DC 20016; Publication Frequency: Bi-monthly; Published by: Biblical Archaeology Society.
- Bible and Spade (First Run) Coverage: 1972-1983 or Bible and Spade (Second Run). Coverage: 1987-2011 (BS), Publication Frequency: Quarterly (with bi-monthly newsletter). Edited by Bryant Wood. It is a non-technical magazine published by the Associates for Biblical Research. It is written from a scholarly and conservative viewpoint, supporting the inerrancy of the biblical record.These articles may need to be ordered through ILL.
Sacra (BSac) Galaxie
- British School at Athens Studies (BSAS), Coverage: 1995-2010 (Vols. 1-18). Published by: British School at Athens.The Annual is published by the British School at Athens, whose is to promote the study of Hellenic Studies in all their aspects, covering all periods from the Palaeolithic to the present. As a research institute, its principal emphasis remains empirical studies that shed light on the prehistoric, Classical and medieval past and present condition of Greek lands. These studies therefore include the anthropology, archaeology, archaeometry, art, architecture, environment, epigraphy, geography, geomorphology, history, language, literature, religion and topography of Greece and Cyprus. The School's secondary mission is to promote research more generally into the prehistoric, ancient and medieval Mediterranean. JSTOR
- Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (BASOR), Coverage: 1921-2014 (Nos. 4-371). Published by the The American Schools of Oriental Research from 1921-2014 JSTOR
- Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. Supplementary Studies (BASORSup), Published by the The American Schools of Oriental Research from 1945-1991 JSTOR
Biblical Quarterly (CBQ), Coverage: 1989-2016 ProQuest
- The Classical Weekly JSTOR
- Comptes rendus
des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et
Belles-Lettres (CRAI). Coverage:1857-2010. PDF online
- Harvard Theological
Review (HTR) JSTOR
- Iran. Coverage: 1963-2009 (Vols. 1-47). Published by The British Institute of Persian Studies (BIPS). It is associated with and financially supported by the British Academy and was established in 1961. Starting under the first director, Professor David Stronach, BIPS sponsored important archaeological work on sites such as Pasargardae, Nush-i Jan, Shahr-i Qumis, Haftavan Tepe, Baba Jan and Siraf. With the recent revival of international collaborative fieldwork and research in Iran, BIPS is sponsoring an increasing number of projects engaging activities in both Iran and the UK. BIPS awards grants each year for projects in different fields and also grants for visits to Iran or work in the UK by students and academics. BIPS organises periodic seminars and workshops in the UK, at which scholars supported by the Institute and others come together to present and discuss papers and meet individuals from home and overseas involved in different aspects of Persian Studies. The Institute also presents annual and summer lectures which are open to all. JSTOR
Coverage: 1934-2008 (Vols. 1-70). Links to External Content:
2011-2012 (Vol. 73 - Vol. 74). Published by The British
Institute for the Study of Iraq. It was established as
the British School of Archaeology in Iraq on January 14, 1932
in memory of Gertrude Bell, the pioneer archaeologist
responsible for setting up the Iraq antiquities service and
museum. The School sponsored important fieldwork and surveys
in Iraq and Syria, and had a resident director in Baghdad when
sanctions in the 1990s forced it to move its fieldwork to
Bahrain, Kuwait and Syria. It was renamed on December 12, 2007
the British Institute for the Study of Iraq, thus reflecting
its widening remit, namely to advance research and public
education relating to Iraq and neighboring countries in
anthropology, archaeology, geography, history, philology and
related disciplines within the arts, humanities and social
sciences. It is currently providing grants for Iraqi scholars
and books and other equipment to The Iraq Museum and other
institutions to participate in the rebuilding of Iraq's
- Israel Exploration Journal (IEJ), Coverage: 1950-2010 (Vols. 1-60).Israel Exploration Society (IES) is a non-profit organization whose goal is to further historical, geographical and archaeological research concerning the Land of Israel. Over the years, it has organized and sponsored some of the most important archaeological projects carried out in the country. It plays a key role in archaeological research covering all periods from prehistoric times to the Ottoman period, coordinating much of the multi-institutional archaeological research conducted by Israeli and foreign archaeological expeditions. Major activities include organizing excavations, enlisting financial support for archaeological projects, and cooperation with Israeli and foreign institutions in the field of publication in a collective effort to promote the cause of archaeology. The IES disseminates knowledge gained from the exploration of Israel to the general public in Israel and abroad, through annual archaeological conferences, meetings, and congresses. It publishes excavation reports and other archaeological volumes, including the bi-annual Israel Exploration Journal and the bi-annual Hebrew-language journal Qadmoniot. JSTOR
- Jewish Studies
Quarterly (JSQ): Coverage: 1993-2010 (Vol.
1, No. 1 - Vol. 17, No. 4). Published by: Mohr Siebeck GmbH
& Co. KG. JSTOR
Quarterly Review (JQW): Coverage: 1888-2012
(Vol. 1, No. 1 - Vol. 102, No. 4). Published by: University of
Pennsylvania Press JSTOR
- Journal of the
Palestine Oriental Society (JPOS): Vol 1: 1920-
Vol 19: 1939. Some editions are available at the Internet Archive.
of the American Oriental Society (JAOS):
Coverage: 1843-2015 (Vol. 1-135). Published by: American
Oriental Society JSTOR
- Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt. (JARCE), Coverage: 1962-2008 (Vols. 1-44). Published by: American Research Center in Egypt.The American Research Center in Egypt (ARCE) is a private, nonprofit organization founded in 1948 by a consortium of educational and cultural institutions to support research on Egyptian history and culture, foster broader knowledge about Egypt among the general public, and promote and strengthen American-Egyptian ties. ARCE facilitates research by individuals and institutions in Egypt, produces scholarly publications, holds an annual meeting for its membership, maintains a fellowship program for senior and junior scholars, operates a research library in Cairo, oversees the conservation of Egyptian monuments, and provides training opportunities for Egyptian colleagues. JSTOR
- Journal of Biblical Literature (JBL), Coverage: 1890-2015 (Vol. 9 - 134). Published by the The Society of Biblical Literature. The Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) supports the critical investigation of the Bible. Founded in 1880, the SBL is a member of the American Council of Learned Societies. A simple, yet comprehensive statement encompasses the Society's aspirations: to foster biblical scholarship. To that end, the Society provides, through its various meetings and publications, conversation partners and resources for those interested in the religions, history, literature, and culture of the ancient Near Eastern world. Over 7,000 members from every continent provide a forum to test ideas and advance the understanding of the Bible's role in the public arena. JSTOR
- Journal of Theological Studies (JTS), ProQuest or Oxford Journals
- Journal of Cuneiform Studies (JCS), Coverage: 1947-2014 (Vols. 1-66). Published by the The American Schools of Oriental Research from 1947-2014. JSTOR
- Journal of Egyptian Archaeology (JEA), Coverage: 1914-2008 (Vols. 1-94). Archaeological Report (Egypt Exploration Fund), Coverage: 1892/1893-1911/1912. Published by The Egypt Exploration Society founded in 1882, as the Egypt Exploration Fund in order to explore, survey, and excavate at ancient sites in Egypt and Sudan, and to publish the results of this work. Today it is one of the leading such archaeological organizations. JSTOR
- Journal of Hellenistic Studies (JHS), Coverage: 1880-2012 (Vol. 1 - Vol. 132). Published by: The Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies.
- Journal of Near Eastern Studies (JNES), Coverage: 1942-2014 (Vols. 1-73). Address: 5720 S. Woodlawn Avenue Chicago, IL 60637; Publication Frequency: Quarterly; Published by: University of Chicago. The Journal of Near Eastern Studies is devoted to the study of the civilizations of the Near East from prehistory to the end of the Ottoman period in 1922. JNES embraces a uniquely broad scope of time, place, and topic, including contributions from scholars of international reputation on topics in Assyriology, Egyptology, Hittitology, Hebrew Bible, and allied ancient studies, as well as a second area of emphasis in early, medieval, and early-modern Islamic studies. The disciplinary range of the journal runs from history and language to religion and literature to archaeology and art history. JSTOR
- Journal of Roman Studies (JRS), Coverage: 1911-2010 (Vols. 1-100); Links to External Content: 2011-2012 (Vol. 101 - Vol. 102). Published by: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies. The Society, founded in 1910, is the leading organisation in the United Kingdom for those interested in the study of Rome and the Roman Empire. Its scope is wide, covering Roman history, archaeology, literature and art down to about A.D. 700. It has a broadly based membership, drawn from over forty countries and from all ages and walks of life. . JSTOR
for the Study of the New Testament (JSNT),
Published by the University of Sheffield, Department of
- Journal for the Study of the Old Testament (JSOT), Coverage: Feb 1976 - Sep 2014. The Journal for the Study of the Old Testament offers the best in current, peer-reviewed scholarship on the Old Testament across a range of critical methodologies. Many original and creative approaches to the interpretation of the Old Testament literature and cognate fields of inquiry are pioneered in JSOT, which showcases the work of both new and established scholars. SAGE Journals
Theological Quarterly (LTQ), EBSCO
- Levant, The
Journal of the Council for British Research in the Levant
Published on behalf of the Council for British Research in the
Levant (CBRL) MANDY
Articles will need to be requested throughf Inter-Library
- Near Eastern Archaeology (NEA), Coverage:1998-2014 (Vols. 61-77) (prior to March 1998 called The Biblical Archaeologist (BA) 1938-1997); Address: Subscriber Services P.O. Box 15399 Atlanta, GA 30333-0399; Publication Frequency: Quarterly; Published by The American School of Oriental Research (ASOR). JSTOR Not all recent articles are available online
Coverage: 1956-2012.Published by: BRILL, founded in 1683, is a
publishing house with a strong international focus. BRILL is
renowned for its publications in the following subject areas;
Asian Studies, Ancient Near East & Egypt, Biblical Studies
& Religious Studies, Classical Studies, Dead Sea
Discoveries, Medieval & Early Modern Studies, Middle East
& Islamic Studies. Novum Testamentum (NovT
1956-2012), BRILL's mainly English language publications
include book series, individual monographs and encyclopaedias
as well as journals. For a list of their journals see LINK.For
NovT see JSTOR.
- New Testament
Studies (NTS), LINK
- The Numismatic Chronicle (NC), Coverage: 1966-2010 (Seventh Series Vol. 6 - Vol. 170). Published by: Royal Numismatic Society The Royal Numismatic Society is the UK’s foremost society for numismatics – the study of coins, medals and related currency items. Founded in 1838 as the Numismatic Society of London, today’s society is international in subject and membership. Its lectures and publications deal with Classical, Asian, Medieval and Modern coins, paper money, tokens and medals, and Fellows include scholars and enthusiasts from around the world. See their list of Journals. The Numismatic Chronicle 1966-2010, The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society 1904-1965, The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Numismatic Society 1842-1903, The Numismatic Chronicle 1838-1841, The Numismatic Journal 1836-1837. JSTOR
- Palestine Exploration Fund Quarterly Statement (1869 - 1878). (PEFQst), Many good British archaeologists like Wilson, Warren, Conder, Kitchener, Petrie, Garstang, T. E. Lawrence, and Kenyon, etc. have posted material in this journal. You may also use the Internet Archive to find and download the entire Quarterly Journal to find your material.
Exploration Quarterly. (PEQ),
is the peer-reviewed quarterly journal of the Palestine
Exploration Fund (PEF). 2004-2015
- Scottish Journal of Theology EBSCO
- Syria. Coverage: 1920-2009 (T. 1-85). Published by Institut Francais du Proche-Orient (IFPO). It is a French research center dealing with the field of social sciences in Jordan (Amman), Lebanon (Beirut) and Syria (Damascus and Aleppo). It is also concerned with Iraq and in the Palestinian Territories. It is part of the French ministry of Foreign Affairs and the CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research). The IFPO is an institution devoted to scientific research in the field of Middle Eastern civilizations and of the Arabic-Moslem cultures, from upper Antiquity to the contemporary world while passing by the classical time. The Institute aims mainly at promoting scientific studies, training through research, the diffusion of knowledge, and cooperating with local and international institutions. The IFPO is organized in three scientific departments: Archaeology and History of Antiquity, Arabic Studies, and Contemporaneous Studies. PDF on Persee or JSTOR
Testamentum (VT), Coverage:
1951-2009 (Vol. 1-59). Published by: BRILL, founded in 1683,
is a publishing house with a strong international focus. BRILL
is renowned for its publications in the following subject
areas; Asian Studies, Ancient Near East & Egypt, Biblical
Studies & Religious Studies, Classical Studies, Dead Sea
Discoveries, Medieval & Early Modern Studies, Middle East
& Islamic Studies. Novum Testamentum (NovT
1956-2012), BRILL's mainly English language publications
include book series, individual monographs and encyclopaedias
as well as journals. For a list of their journals see LINK.
For VT see JSTOR
für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft (ZAW).
- See the list of 27
Bible Dictionaries at Study Light.com LINK Many of these dictionaries are outdated
for archaeological research but will give you some of the
older research. Use these with caution.
- Archer, Gleason
Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties. Grand
Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1982. PDF
Excellent treatment of difficult
passages of the Bible from a conservative perspective.
- Negev, Avraham, ed.
Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. 3rd ed. New York,
N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1996. * Not to be confused with:
Stern, Ephraim, Ayelet Levinson-Gilboa, and Joseph Aviram,
eds. The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in
the Holy Land. 4 vols. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan, 1993.
Supplemental Vol 5 available online through Liberty
- Berenbaum, Michael,
and Fred Skolnik, eds. Encyclopedia Judaica. 22 vols. 2nd ed. New York,
N.Y.: MacMillan, 2006. Available online
- Blaiklock, Edward M., R.K. Harrison, eds. The New International Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1983. Available on Campus
- Butler, Trent C., ed. Holman Bible Dictionary. Nashville, Tenn.: Broadman & Holman, 1991. Not to be confused with the Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003), which is expanded and updated, but this original work is packed full (6,672 entries) of good material.
- Carson, Thomas, ed. The New Catholic Encyclopedia. 15 vols. 2nd ed. Detroit, Mich.: Gale, 2003. Written from a Roman Catholic perspective. Not to be confused with the older outdated online work: Pallen, Condé Bénoist, Charles George Herbermann, and Edward Aloysius Pace, eds. The Catholic Encyclopedia. 19 vols. New York, N.Y.: Appleton Company, 1913. also at New Advent
- Easton, Mathew George. Easton's Illustrated Bible Dictionary. 3rd ed. Nashville, Tenn.: Nelson, 1897. ONLINE. Older research available on many sites, but good for an overview of previous views.
- Elwell, Walter A., ed. Evangelical
Dictionary of Biblical Theology. 2nd ed.
Baker Reference Library. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker
Academic, 1996. Standard dictionary
on biblical theology from an evangelical perspective.
- Freedman, David
Noel, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins,
eds. The Anchor Bible Dictionary.
6 vols. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1992. Often minimalist in its conclusions, but
good academic research and good bibliographies. Only available on campus.
- Hastings, James, and John A. Selbie, eds. A Dictionary of the Bible. Single Volume. New York, N.Y.: Scribner’s Sons, 1909. LINK Not to be confused with the 5 volume edition with completely different articles. Hastings, James, and John A. Selbie, eds. A Dictionary of the Bible: Dealing with Its Language, Literature and Contents Including the Biblical Theology. 5 vols. New York, N.Y.: Scribner’s Sons, 1911.
- Murray, Tim, ed. Encyclopedia
of Archaeology: History and Discoveries. 3 vols. Santa
Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2001.Ezproxy
- Orr, James, and Melvin
Grove Kyle, eds. The
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.
5 vols. Howard-Severance Co., Chicago, 1915-1939; Grand Rapids,
Mich..: Eerdmans, 1989. 10,000 articles
published in 1939. Also available at Study
Bible Tools, StudyLight
Hall Bible Search. Not to be confused with the 5 volume
completely different articles.
Bromiley, Geoffrey W., ed. The International
Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Revised. 4 vols. Grand
Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1995.
- Pearsall, Deborah M., ed. Encyclopedia of Archaeology. 3 vols. San Diego, Calif: Academic Press, 2008. Ezproxy Link
- Singer, Isidore, Cyrus Adler, Gotthard Deutsch, Kaufmann Kohler, and Emil G. Hirsch, eds. The Jewish Encyclopedia. 12 vols. New York, NY: Funk & Wagnalls, 1906. Research from a Jewish perspective. Not to be confused with this less academic, single volume work. Bridger, David, and Samuel Wolk. The New Jewish Encyclopedia. Springfield, NJ: Behrman, 1962.
- Smith, William. Dictionary
of Greek and Roman Antiquities. London,
U.K.: Murray, 1875. Standard
reference work for many years, although outdated it is
still a valuable source if handled carefully and with
- Strong, James and John McClintock. The Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature. Haper and Brothers; NY; 1880. LINK Over 50,000 articles and although dated it was the most up to date Encyclopedia of its day.
- Tenney, Merrill C.,
and Moisés Silva, eds. Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the
Bible, Vols. 1-5. Revised, Full-Color
ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2009. BS440 .Z63
2009. Only available
website for list of all available and upcoming
commentaries for the OT and NT. Many
older commentaries such as John Gill, John Calvin, Matthew
Henry, Scofield's Notes, Adam Clarke, etc. and available online and
are great for devotions and sermon preparation but not suitable
for academic research. Here are a few that are suitable and
- The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago Map Series which contains maps in the Ancient Near East.
- Interactive map of first century Israel by Bible History Online.
- Madaba Map
- Interactive Dead Sea Level chart.
- Map of the northern Dead Sea sites including Tall el-Hammam.
- Map of the northern and southern locations of the Cities of the Plain.
- Okeanos list of archaeological excavations by region.
- Tall el-Hammam
- Virtual Numeira is a great site to feel the area of Bab edh-Dhra.
Associates for Biblical Research will begin excavations in
For the Turabian format all
you need to do is copy and paste the
following books or articles into your bibliography to preserve
the proper format. Need more help with Turabian see this LINK.
Modified October 1, 2016. Copyright ©
2016 Electronic Christian Media